The Byzantine architecture is probably one of the most appreciated and beautiful architecture styles in the world. This architectural style flourished between the 4th and 15th century on Byzantine-held territories. However, its influence managed to reach far beyond the Empire’s borders. Sadly, some of these beautiful buildings and monuments fell into ruins or have been demolished, but many of them have survived, although they suffered some modifications and alterations throughout the years. To be mentioned that there are a few Byzantine buildings that stand as lasting reminders of the former glory of the Byzantine Empire and feature a unique architectural style.
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Hosios Loukas is known as being a 10th century monastery that is located in the Greek town of Distoma, near Delphi. This beautiful monastery is a true example of Byzantine architecture from the Middle Byzantine Period or Second Golden Age. Hosios Loukas was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990 and it is very famous for its beautiful decorations including frescoes, marble works and lavish mosaics. Its design corresponds to the rule of the Macedonian dynasty, between 9th century and the early 11th century.
Basilica of San Vitale
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The Basilica of San Vitale is another beautiful building that is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the “Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna.” This beautiful structure was built by the Ostrogoths, but it was completed by the Byzantines. Like many other churches, Basilica of San Vital is decorated with amazing mosaics which are considered to be some of the most beautiful examples of Byzantine mosaic art.
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Also known as Hagia Eirene, this building is known as being one of the earliest churches built in the Byzantine capital. Hagia Irene was commissioned by Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, Constantinople’s founder, but, sadly, the original church was destroyed in 532, during the Nika riots. In the mid-6th century, Emperor Justinian I had it rebuilt, but two centuries later, the church suffered severe damages during an earthquake. The current appearance of the Basilia dates to the 8th century. Hagia Irene is now a museum, but it is often used as home to various musical events.
The most distinctive feature of Byzantine architecture is the domed roof. Byzantine structures have some of the most sumptuous decorations, like mosaics and marble columns. Are you a fan of Byzantine architecture?
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