There are many impressive volcanoes in the world. Their strength and powerful eruptions have had disastrous effects, in many cases leading to great damage. Below you can find out more about the most famous volcanoes on Earth.
1. Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius, located in Southern Italy, Naples, is an active volcano that has erupted more than 30 times until today. It is well known by most people for the eruption that took place in 79 A.D., when the lava covered the cities of Stabiae and Pompeii. Archaeologists estimate that at least 1000 people died because of the eruptions of this volcano.
Placed on the Indonesian Island, Krakatoa volcano is one of the most powerful volcanoes in the world. In 1883, this volcano has erupted with a 12,000 times bigger power than the one of an atomic bomb, and its sound was heard thousands of miles away. Nearby Sumatran town hundreds of people have died when flaming ash occupied the entire area.
3. Mauna Loa
Located on the Big Island of Hawaii, this is one of the largest volcano on earth with a summit of nearly 13,800 feet high. Mauna Loa is also the world’s most active volcano, with a number of 33 eruptions. The most recent one dates back to 1984. Mauna Loa also means Long Mountain.
3,500 years ago, a cataclysmic event rocked the Mediterranean. The volcano of Thera, known as the Greek island of Santorini, exploded with four to five times more strength than the force of Krakatoa in 1883, making a hole into the Aegean Isle. The Minoan civilization, the dominant Greek culture, has faded after clouds of ash and tsunami waves stroke the cities here.
5. Mount Pinatubo
After six centuries, Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991. After this eruption global ground temperatures have cooled by 1 Fahrenheit degree for the next two years. Following this volcanic eruption, more than 700 deaths were announced and scientists claime that this has been one of the largest of all the volcanic eruptions of the 20th century. This volcano is located on the island of Luzon, in the Philippine.
These are five of the most famous volcanoes in the world. Active volcanoes are dangerous, but they fascinating and unique natural attractions on Earth. Whould you live in the proximity of a volcano?
References: time.com; mountsthelens.com
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