Google celebrate the 130th birthday of one of the most influential authors of the 20th century, Franz Kafka. The Google doodle is a synthesis of the writer most known novel, “The Metamorphosis”.
The novel was first published in 1915 and it is studied in colleges and universities throughout the world. “The Metamorphosis” tells the story of a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, that one day wake himself transformed into a giant bug. The reason of transformation was never explained by Kafka.
Franz Kafka graduated as Doctor of Law from the German University in Prague. During his years of studies, Kafka met Max Brod, who will remain a close friend for life.
During Franz life only few works were published. Many of his works were published after his death by Max Brod. Although Kafka asked him to destroy his manuscripts after his dead, Brod published including unfinished novels. These are: “The Trial”, “The Castle”, and “America.
After finished his studies, Franz Kafka obtained employment at an insurance company. But Kafka often complained about the job. He suffered that he had not enough time to dedicate on what he loved most: writing.
Many of Kafka’s works have themes like alienation, physical and psychological brutality, the parent-child conflict.
The term Kafkaesque was invented in English language to describe the surreal situations in Franz Kafka’s writing. Among famous writers that were influenced by Kafka’s work are Albert Camus and Jean Paul Sartre.
Kafka was born into a middle-class German-speaking Jewish family, in Prague. He had a tensioned and abusing relationship with his father that dramatically influenced him in his writings. Franz accused his father that he broke his will and made him very insecure. All his life he feared that people would find him repulsive, mentally and physically. But the true was that many of those who met him perceived him as intelligent with a dry sense of humor.
Photo source: thefearofbeingfearless.blogspot
Because he was Jew, Kafka experienced great social tensions. He had three sisters that died in the Nazi concentration camps.
Kafka had some relationships with women. He even got engaged. But he never made a family.
Franz suffered from clinical depression, social anxiety and tuberculosis. Before his death he lost his voice due to a complication caused by laryngitis. Franz Kafka died in 1924.
Have you read some of the Franz Kafka’s works? What is the favorite one?
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