The Middle Ages was a period with plenty of wars. Every army wanted to win the war, so they invented many weapons.
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Here are some of the most brutal medieval weapons:
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This was the most common and well-known weapon of any medieval fighter. Its size and shape varied along the centuries, but the basic principle remained the same.
The sword may be one, one and a half, or two-handed, depending on its length. It had both sides sharpened, but despite of this, it was meant to break rather than cut.
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The falchion is a one-handed European sword, with a design inspired by the Persian scimitar and the Chinese dao. It combined the power of an axe with the versatility of the sword.
Some versions of the falchion look like the scramasax, and later the sabre, while others look like a machete with a crossguard, or have an irregular shape.
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This is a long weapon, used in a wide range. It came to use in the 14th and 15th century. The halberd consists of and a long pole, with an axe blade on top, ending with a spike. At the backside of the blade there is always a hook or thorn.
During the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the halberd’s purpose became a decorative one, being used only by guards at castles’ gates and entrances.
4. War Hammer
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The war hammer was usually a close combat weapon, that resembled a regular hammer. Its handle might have been long or short, depending on the combat style. The longer ones, the size of a halberd, were used against riders, while shorter ones, the size of a mace, were used in closer quarters.
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The mace is a blunt weapon. It consists of a heavy head made of stone, bronze, iron, copper or steel, placed at the end of a wooden or metal shaft. It was intended to break heavier plate armor. The head may have flanges or knobs, for better penetration of the armor.
Maces are rarely used today for combat, but some institutions still use ceremonial maces, as symbol of authority.
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The flail was mostly built the same as a mace, the only difference being a chain between the head and the shaft.
This was intended for grabbing the enemy’s weapons or shield, thus disarming him.
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The crossbow is a bow mounted on a stick, with a mechanism that holds the drawn string. It shoots arrow-like projectiles, called bolts. These are shorter than regular arrows, but much heavier.
The crossbow was called by many names, some derived from the term ballista, which indeed resembled a crossbow, but it was much larger.
Did you ever think medieval warfare was much more than sword fighting and bow and arrow? What do you think about these weapons?
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