Born in 2 October 1869, in the small town of Porbander, called today Gujarat, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the son of a former prime minister and adviser to the local ruler. His name became synonymous to the Indian Independence Movement.
At the age of 13, he married Kasturba Makanji, the daughter of a merchant. It was an arranged marriage and Gandhi had been engaged to her since he was seven. Together, they had four sons. She died at the age of 74, at the Aga Khan Palace, known as Pune today, where the Gandhi family was interned since 1942 by the British, for their political activism.
Gandhi started as an activist in South Africa. He decided to leave India in 1888, to study law in London, England. In 1891 he returned in India, but he had a difficult time trying to find a job as a lawyer. He traveled to South Africa in 1893, where an Indian firm offered him a one-year contract.
During that period of time, South Africa was under the domination of the British and the Dutch. He suffered discrimination, like other Indians there and decided to begin a campaign for the civil rights of Indians in South Africa. Because of this campaign, Gandhi was imprisoned and arrested multiple times, but he remained in South Africa until 1914. After that, he returned to his homeland, India, and led the nonviolent social action movement, becoming a transformative figure.
Unfortunately, in 30 January, 1948, while Gandhi was attending a prayer meeting in New Delhi, he was shot three times by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist. He blamed Gandhi for accepting the 1947 plan, to separate India into two new independents states: Muslim-dominated Pakistan and Hindu-dominated India. In fact, Gandhi did not agree with the partition.
Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize several times, in 1937, 1938, 1939 and 1947, but never won it. What interesting facts do you know about Gandhi?
Top incoming search terms:
- bayani sa kanlurang Asya
- impressive facts about mahatma gandhi
- larawan ng mga naging instrumento sa pagbabago ng timog at kanlurang asya sa taong 1990s