The Inca civilization is considered to be one of the most advanced civilizations that have ever lived. The Incas left an impressive and important legacy to the world, one that will never be forgotten. There are many interesting facts worth to be known about the Incas. Here you will find some of them.
Who were the Incas?
The Incas lived in the Cuzco area, in 1200 BC. This area is found in South-Eastern Peru. This civilization worshiped gods of nature, and the most important god was the Sun God. People here actually called themselves “the Children of the Sun.” 1438 is the year when the Inca Empire was formed. In just 100 years, this became the most powerful civilization of South America, spreading from Ecuador to Chile.
In the Inca Empire no one was homeless and everyone had something to eat. The Emperor was considered to be responsible with offering people food and shelter. Seeds, tools, food and clothing were distributed to all Incas by their Emperor and the government. The Emperor was believed to be a direct descendant of the Sun God.
Incas believed in afterlife and reincarnation. The coca plant was considered to be magical for this civilization, being used for medicinal and religious purposes. Incas are known to have performed successful skull surgeries.
One of the most curious facts about the Inca Empire is that there was almost no crime in the empire. Naturally, there were no prisons. Probably the low crime rate is best explained through the fact that someone who committed a crime was punished by being thrown off a cliff.
Incas were the first to cultivate many food plants, including the Irish potato.
Inca people built some spectacular buildings. Made up of blocks of stone, they were extremely strong. Not only their buildings impress, but also the miles of road created by Incas which still stand. Roads took great architectural skills, as well as engineering knowledge. Incas also used a functional irrigation system.
The temples built by Incas were made from blocks of granites. Some of them have more than 100 tons.
One of the most important celebrations in the Inca Empire was the Festival of the Sun. This religious ceremony was held at the Temple of the Sun to honor the God Inti.
Machu Picchu is also known as the Lost City of the Incas. The ruins of this city were discovered in 1911, near Cusco, Peru. This is believed to have been the capital of the empire.
Even though the Inca Empire resisted for only 100 years, until the Spanish conquered them in 1532, their achievements were impressive. They remain most famous for their gold, which still represents an object of fascination. The fortune of the Incas was discovered in 1532 by Francisco Pizarro.
If you have the chance, visit Machu Picchu and discover more about the Incas civilization on the ground.
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