The amazing structures and buildings that were left behind hundreds of years ago have impressed history enthusiasts for centuries. From the great pyramids to Parthenon, several structures have helped people gain some precious information about our ancestors. However, it seems that people show more interest in buildings that can be observed above the ground and less interest in impressive finds that have been discovered underneath the ground. Even if they are ancient theaters, temples, reservoirs or other structures, these monumental subterranean structures are some remarkable attractions that need to be seen. Here are three impressive ancient subterranean structures.
The Basilica Cistern
Photo Source: cunoastelumea.ro
The Basilica Cistern can be found in Istanbul, Turkey. Even if its name implies that this place is only an ancient water reservoir, this is not true. Between the third and fourth centuries, an impressive temple surrounded by beautiful gardens stood in that place. Sadly, it was destroyed by fire, but Emperor Justinian ordered to rebuild the original structure on the very same ground with the help of approximately 6,000 slaves. The Cistern’s ceiling features 335 engraved marble columns and each of them is 9 meters tall. When it was operational, the Cistern supplied water to several buildings, including the Great Palace of Constantinople.
The Mithraeum at the Baths of Caracalla
Photo Source: codecables.wordpress.com
Mithraeums are known as being the underground worship centers for the Roman Mithraic cult. In 1912, during excavations at the Baths of Caracalla, archeologists found what probably is the largest Mithraeum in the world. This place lies on approximately 230 square meters and can be found in Rome, Italy. Sadly, its beautiful artwork was lost in time and only a few relief inscriptions and carvings survived.
Photo Source: worldarcheology.blogspot.com
Qanat Firaun is located in Jordan and it is known as being an ancient aqueduct that supplied water to cities like Gadara, Abila and Adraa. Also known as Gadara Aqueduct, this place was discovered in 2004 and features approximately 170 kilometers. Moreover, Qanat Firaun is the longest underground aqueduct of antiquity.
Several ancient subterranean structures need to be visited, because these beautiful places offer a lot impressive and precious information about our ancestors and our history. What is your favorite subterranean structure?
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