We all know that throughout history, people surrounded their cities as a form of protection from the enemy. This security measure was a necessity for almost every city. The main entrance in walled cities was through a city gate. Each night, this main gate was closed. Today, walled cities are much sought by visitors and by those who want to feel and photograph these security walls. Every tourist likes to wonder around these medieval walls and try to learn more about their history. Here are some beautiful walled cities in the world.
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Dubrovnik is a beautiful walled city which is situated on the Adriatic Sea coast, in Croatia. Also known as the “Pearl of the Adriatic”, this incredible city is the most visited destination of the Mediterranean. You must know that Dubrovnik was built on maritime trade and in the Middle Ages it achieved a high level of development, during the 15th and 16th century. This walled city was also the only city-state in the Adriatic to rival Venice.
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Carcassonne, as you can see, was perfectly preserved. Situated in France, Carcassonne is the largest walled city in Europe. Its security measures consist of two outer walls, barbicans and towers. One of these incredible towers has homed the Catholic Inquisition in the 13th Century. Since those days, the tower is known as “The Inquisition Tower”. You should know that Carcassonne appeared in the movie “Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves” in 1991.
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This walled city actually is a small Chinese city. Pingyao is very famous for its well-preserved ancient wall. This incredible wall includes 72 watchtowers and six major gates. The wall that is surrounding the city has been slightly architecturally changed over the past 300 years. In 2003-2004, a part of the southern walls has been affected but it was immediately reconstructed. The rest of Pingyao walls are intact and due to its impressive construction it is considered a main attraction in the area.
All these walled cities have something to teach us, an incredible history lesson on how people managed to secure their hometown. Have you ever visited a walled city?