Aqueduct derives from the Latin word aqua which means water. An Aqueduct is an artificially built structure, such as a ditch, tunnel or channel, which has the purpose to transport water from an actual location to another. The first artificial structures were built by ancient civilizations, such as Egypt, Babylon and Assyria. However, a primitive aqueduct was built simply, as open tunnel dug out between a river and a city. The most famous engineers for these structures were the Romans, on a period of 400 years they managed to construct about eleven ancient aqueducts, which fueled their capital’s water supply. Here are some famous ancient aqueducts that you need to see:
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Caesarea is known as an important port city that was built between 23 and 13BC by King Herod the Great. This city had a famous aqueduct which brought running water to the city from springs that were at 11 km disctance. So, after the city was founded, King Herod decided to build the first aqueduct in the area. The Romans wanted to expand the aqueduct in the 2nd century AD. The ancient aqueduct continued to supply water for 1100 years. During this time, it was repaired only several times.
Aqueduct of the Miracles
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This aqueduct is one of the three ancient Roman aqueducts which were built at Merida, in modern-day Spain. Aqueduct of the Miracles brought water to the city from an artificial lake, which was supplied by the river Aberregas, placed at about 5 km to the north-west of Merida. It is said that this aqueduct was built during the 1st century AD. It is a famous construction that needs to be visited.
Pont du Gard
Photo Source: commons.wikimedia.org
Pont du Gard is a famous ancient aqueduct placed in the South of France. It was built by the Roman Empire. This is an impressive construction that was built entirely without the use of mortar. The stones that were used in this aqueduct weigh up to 7 tons and were precisely cut to fit perfectly together. Starting with the Middle Ages, this aqueduct was used as a bridge for foot traffic across the river. Nowadays, Pont du Gard is one of the top five tourists attractions in France, with over 1 million visitors reported in 2001.
Ancient structures, such as these aqueducts are truly part of the history and needed to be visited. Have you seen Pont du Gard in France?
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