One of the most powerful countries in the world, Russia is a fascinating place for visitors. In fact, Russia is the largest country in the world, with nine time zones and a variety of attractions. This country was considered to be an evil empire during the Cold War, but also because of its history with communism. If you plan to visit soon or you simply want to learn more about this country, here you can discover 30 facts about Russia.
1. The capital city
The largest and most impressive city in Russia is Moscow. This is the capital of the country and a place that numerous tourists decide to visit for its wonderful attractions. Other major cities in this country are Saint Petersburg and Yekaterinburg.
In case you plan a visit to Russia, you should know that you will need to have a visa. All foreigners visiting Russia need both the visa and a valid passport. Only citizens of the former Soviet Union can enter the country without a visa.
3. Area and population
Russia is the largest country in the world when it comes to territory. The country occupies an area of 17,075,400 square km. It has a population of around 143 million.
The currency used in Russia is the ruble. In case you plan to visit the country, make sure you have the right currency.
Russia is the largest producer of oil in the world and is home to a wide range of natural resources.
6. First satellite
Russia is a country which brought many innovations, but a very important thing remains the launch of the satellite Sputnik which was actually the first satellite in the world. It was launched by the Soviet Union back in 1957.
There are more than 40 national parks and wildlife reserves in Russia.
8. Soviet Union prisoners
A legend says that prisoners in the Soviet Union used to take tattoos with the image of Lenin and Stalin, as guards were ordered not to shoot at images of national leaders.
The history of Alaska is very interesting. It was purchased from Russia by the USA, for just $7.2 million.
10. Lake Baikal
The country is home to the largest freshwater lake in the world. It actually includes about 20 percent of the unfrozen fresh water of the world.
At the nearest point, Russia and America actually are less than 4 km apart.
Everyone knows that Russians love vodka. Maybe this is not just a myth as more than 500,000 alcohol related deaths occur in the country each year.
13. Alcoholic beverages
Until 2011, anything that contained alcohol, but under 10 percent, was not listed as alcoholic beverage.
14. Magnitnaya Mountain
This is a famous mountain in Russia, which is believed to be entirely made of iron. It is estimated that there are about 7 to 10 billion pounds of Iron Ore here.
15. Socking birth
Russia is the country in which a woman gave birth to 69 children, including 16 pairs of twins, 7 sets of triplets and 4 sets of quadruples.
16. Winter Olympics
Russia decided to host for the first time the Winter Olympics, in 2014. Sochi, the city that will host the event, has the warmest climate of any city which has ever hosted the Winter Olympics.
Russia is even bigger than Pluto.
The only official language in Russia is Russian. The language uses the Cyrillic alphabet.
19. Culture and arts
Russia is an amazing country to visit by tourists interested in arts and culture. For instance, Moscow is home to the Bolshoi Theater and the Pushkin Art Gallery. In Saint Petersburg, visitors can see the Hermitage Museum.
20. Hermitage Museum
One of the most beautiful places in Russia, the Hermitage Museum is so big that it will actually take you 6 years to see everything it exhibits, if you spend about 5 minutes to check out each object in the museum. This is one of the oldest museums in the world. It was founded in 1764.
According to Forbes, Moscow has more billionaires per capita than any other city or place in the world.
22. Be careful at costs
Even though many tourists believe that Russia is cheap, they might be surprised. Moscow can be quite expensive to visit. It actually is one of the most expensive capitals in the world.
23. The Trans-Siberian
The Russian Trans-Siberian Railway is capable of travelling through 8 time zones. It departs from Moscow and travels more than 9000 km. The ending point of arrival is Beijing.
24. Bears don’t walk on the streets
Despite this myth that seems to be quite popular, bears do not walk on the streets in Russia.
25. It is not always cold
Even though Russia is famous for its cold climate and low temperatures, not the entire country has the same climate. The south of the country is warmer than many European countries. The freezing Russian winter is just a myth.
26. Russia has a desert
Not many people are aware of this fact, but Russia also has a desert. It looks like the Sahara desert and it is located in the proximity of the Caspian Sea.
27. St Petersburg
One of the most beautiful cities in the world, St Petersburg is a main cultural center in Russia. The city homes 221 museums, more than 80 theaters, 2000 libraries, as well as 45 galleries, among many other cultural venues.
28. Don’t take anything out of the house at night
If it happens to visit someone in Russia, you will probably be advised to avoid taking anything away from the house at night. Do not take the trash out as this may bring ruin to that house, Russians believe.
29. Mount Elbrus
One of the most impressive places in this country is Mount Elbrus, located in the Caucasus Mountain range. This mountain attacks visitors interested in mountain climbing.
30. Moscow Kremlin
The Kremlin is a must see attraction. The top governmental offices are located here, but it also features notable museums.
Russia is a beautiful and fascinating country that has a lot to offer to its visitors. Would you spend an exciting vacation here?
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