Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle is one of the most famous writers of crime fiction. He is an important figure in literature due to his fictional stories of the detective Sherlock Holmes. Another famous character of his is Professor Challenger. He was a very prolific writer. His works include fantasy and science fiction stories, romances, poetry, historical novels and even non-fictional books. He is also known for popularizing the Mary Celeste, a British-American merchant brigantine whose crew mysteriously vanished while at sea. Its mystery remains unsolved to this day.
Arthur Conan Doyle was born in 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, eventually becoming a physicist. During his university years he started writing short stories. It was one of his professors that would later inspire Doyle.
Dr. Joseph Bell was a master of observation, logic, deduction, and diagnosis. These qualities inspired the author when creating the character of Sherlock Holmes. After finishing his studies, Doyle worked as a doctor on the Greenland whaler Hope of Peterhead. Later, he was employed as a surgeon on the SS Mayumba. After his time on the SS Mayumba, Arthur Conan Doyle returned to his studies and received his doctorate in medicine.
Arthur Conan Doyle’s writing career started in 1879 when he published The Mystery of Sasassa Valley in Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal. However, it wasn’t until March 1886 that he rose to fame. That was the year when A study in scarlet was published. It was the first book that introduced the now iconic characters Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson.
In 1890, The Sign of Four was published. This story marked the moment when Arthur Conan Doyle joined other masters in the annals of literature. The Sherlock Holmes stories that followed were published in the Strand Magazine.
In 1893, during a trip to Switzerland he saw the place where his most famous character’s life would come to an end. The Reichenbach Falls became the place where Sherlock Holmes and his archenemy Professor Moriarty plunged to their apparent death. Public outcry, however, forced him to bring his character back to life in 1903, in the story The Adventure of the Empty House.
With the death of his iconic character, which Doyle felt at times was too “commercial”, the author turned his attention to his historical novels. Years later, after the death of his wife, son and brothers-in-law, Arthur Conan Doyle found solace in spiritualism. Some of his later works were based on psychic phenomenons and spirit materialization.
Arthur Conan Doyle died in 1930 due to a heart attack. He now lies buried in the Minstead churchyard in the New Forest, Hampshire. Do you have a favorite novel by Arthur Conan Doyle?
Top incoming search terms:
- dr joseph bell
- sherlock holmes crimes in fiction
- sir arthur conan doyle children