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The Siberian Tiger also known as the Amur tiger is one of the most beautiful feline species. It can be found in two mountainous regions in Far East Russia. Scientists had counted less than 400 Siberian tigers in 2005. Since then their numbers have been slowly declining.
The Siberian tiger is one of the largest felids to have ever roamed the Earth. Moreover, it is currently the largest felid that can still be found in the wilderness. As far as appearance goes, this particular species has a reddish-rusty coat with narrow, black stripes. The Amur tiger is also longer than both the Bengal tiger and the African lion. An adult male Siberian tiger weighs in average about 176.4 kg, while a female weighs about 118 kg.
The habitat of this species stretches, in the Russian Far East, from south to north over about 1.000 km. A few dozen tigers can also be found in the Eastern Manciurian Mountain system that crosses from Russia to China. Scientists counted less than 22 tigers in the Chinese regions. Based on tracks and local sightsing, it is believed that several Siberian tigers can also be found in the Baekdu Mountain located at the border between North Korea and China.
Siberian tigers usually have between two and four cubs. In rare cases, a female tiger can give birth to six cubs. The cubs are equally divided by gender. While male tigers leave the den early and travel alone, the females remain with their mothers a longer period of time.
The biggest threat these tigers face at the moment is poaching. In the past, the Russian Civil War almost whipped Siberian tigers out of existence. Afterwards, legal tiger hunting lowered their numbers even more. Nowadays, the species is protected and organizations are trying to repopulate the area.
In many cultures and religions the tiger is seen as a sacred symbol. In Hindu cultures he is the vehicle of a Goddess. One of the years of the Chinese zodiac is that of the tiger. Moreover, some cultures see the tiger as a God or a King. Did you know that local communities in Eastern Siberia gave the Siberian tiger the status of a semi-deity?
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